National Income and Product Accounts
Gross Domestic Product: Third Quarter 2017 (Second Estimate):
Corporate Profits: Third Quarter 2017 (Preliminary Estimate)
Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 3.3 percent in the third quarter of
2017 (table 1), according to the “second” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the
second quarter, real GDP increased 3.1 percent.
The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the
“advance” estimate issued last month. In the advance estimate, the increase in real GDP was 3.0
percent. With this second estimate for the third quarter, the general picture of economic growth
remains the same; nonresidential fixed investment, state and local government spending, and private
inventory investment were revised up from the prior estimate (see “Updates to GDP” on page 2).
Real gross domestic income (GDI) increased 2.5 percent in the third quarter, compared with an increase
of 2.3 percent (revised) in the second. The average of real GDP and real GDI, a supplemental measure of
U.S. economic activity that equally weights GDP and GDI, increased 2.9 percent in the third quarter,
compared with an increase of 2.7 percent in the second quarter (table 1).
The increase in real GDP in the third quarter reflected positive contributions from PCE, private inventory
investment, nonresidential fixed investment, and exports that were partly offset by a negative
contribution from residential fixed investment. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of
GDP, decreased (table 2).
The acceleration in real GDP in the third quarter reflected an acceleration in private inventory
investment, a downturn in imports, and smaller decreases in state and local government spending and
in residential fixed investment that were partly offset by decelerations in PCE, in nonresidential fixed
investment, and in exports.
Current-dollar GDP increased 5.5 percent, or $259.0 billion, in the third quarter to a level of $19,509.0
billion. In the second quarter, current-dollar GDP increased 4.1 percent, or $192.3 billion (table 1 and
The price index for gross domestic purchases increased 1.8 percent in the third quarter, compared with
an increase of 0.9 percent in the second quarter (table 4). The PCE price index increased 1.5 percent,
compared with an increase of 0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy prices, the PCE price index
increased 1.4 percent, compared with an increase of 0.9 percent (appendix table A).
Updates to GDP
The percent change in real GDP was revised up from the advance estimate, reflecting upward revisions
to nonresidential fixed investment, state and local government spending, and private inventory
investment. For more information, see the Technical Note. A detailed “Key Source Data and
Assumptions” file is also posted for each release. For information on updates to GDP, see the
“Additional Information” section that follows.
Advance Estimate Second Estimate
(Percent change from preceding quarter)
Real GDP 3.0 3.3
Current-dollar GDP 5.2 5.5
Real GDI … 2.5
Average of Real GDP and Real GDI … 2.9
Gross domestic purchases price index 1.8 1.8
PCE price index 1.5 1.5
For the second quarter of 2017, the percent change in real GDI was revised from 2.9 percent to 2.3
percent based on newly available second-quarter tabulations from the BLS Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages program.
Corporate Profits (table 12)
Profits from current production (corporate profits with inventory valuation adjustment and capital
consumption adjustment) increased $91.6 billion in the third quarter, compared with an increase of
$14.4 billion in the second quarter.
Profits of domestic financial corporations increased $60.6 billion in the third quarter, in contrast to a
decrease of $33.8 billion in the second quarter. Profits of domestic nonfinancial corporations increased
$12.5 billion, compared with an increase of $59.1 billion. Rest-of-the-world profits increased $18.6
billion, in contrast to a decrease of $10.8 billion. In the third quarter, receipts increased $23.1 billion,
and payments increased $4.6 billion.